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- FERPA Information
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 as amended (FERPA) (20 U.S.C. § 1232g; 34 CFR Part 99) is a Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. The law applies to all schools that receive funds under an applicable program of the U.S. Department of Education.
Written documents; (including student advising folders)
Microfilm and Microfiche
Video or audio tapes or CDs
Any record that contains personally identifiable information that is directly related to the student is an educational record under FERPA.
Access to Education Records
Schools are required by FERPA to:
Provide a student with an opportunity to inspect and review his or her education records within 45 days of the receipt of a request
Provide a student with copies of education records or otherwise make the records available to the student if the student, for instance, lives outside of commuting distance of the school
Retract the names and other personally identifiable information about other students that may be included in the students education records
Schools are NOT required by FERPA to:
Create or maintain education records
Provide students with calendars, notices, or other information which does not generally contain information directly related to the student
Respond to questions about the student
Amendment of Education Records
Under FERPA, a school must:
Consider a request from a student to amend inaccurate or misleading information on the student’s education records;
Offer the student a hearing on the matter if it decides not to amend the records in accordance with the request;
Offer the student the right to place a statement to be kept and disclosed with the record if as a result of the hearing the school still decides not to amend the record.
A school is not required to consider requests for amendment under FERPA that:
Seek to change a grade or disciplinary decision
Seek to change the opinions or reflections of a school official or other person reflected in an education record
Records Not Considered As Educational Records
Private notes of individual staff or faculty (NOT kept in student advising folders)
Campus police records
Statistical data compilations that contain no mention of personally identifiable information about any specific student
Phone Number and e-mail address
Dates of attendance
Major field of study
Social security numbers
Student identification number
Race, ethnicity, and/or nationality
Transcripts; grade reports
Specify the records to be disclosed
State the purpose of the disclosure
Identify the party or class of parties to whom the disclosure is to be made
The signature of the student whose record is to be disclosed
The signature of the custodian of the education record
A school MAY disclose education records without consent when:
The disclosure is to school officials who have been determined to have legitimate educational interests as set forth in the institutions annual notification of rights to students;
The student is seeking or intending to enroll in another school
The disclosure is to state or local educational authorities auditing or enforcing Federal or State supported education programs or enforcing Federal laws which relate to those programs;
The disclosure is to the parents of a student who is a dependent for income tax purposes;
The disclosure is in connection with determining eligibility, amounts, and terms for financial aid or enforcing the terms and conditions of financial aid;
The disclosure is pursuant to a lawfully issued court order or subpoena; or
The information disclosed has been appropriately designated as directory information by the school.
A school must annually notify students in attendance that they may:
Inspect and review their education records;
Seek amendment of inaccurate or misleading information in their education records;
Consent to most disclosures of personally identifiable information from education records
The annual notice must also include:
Information for a student to file a complaint of an alleged violation with the FPCO;
A description of who is considered to be a school official and what is considered to be a legitimate educational interest so that information may be shared with that individual; and
Information about who to contact to seek access or amendment of education records.
Means of Notification
Student programs guides
Other reasonable means
Notification does NOT have to be made individually to students
Complaints of alleged violations may be addressed to:
Family Policy Compliance Office
US Department of Education
400 Maryland Avenue, SW
Washington, DC 20202-5920
Complaints must be:
Be timely submitted, not later than 180 days from date you learned of the circumstances of the alleged violation.
Contain specific allegations of fact giving reasonable cause to believe that a violation has occurred, including:
Names and titles of those school officials and others involved
A specific description of the education record around which the alleged violation occurred
A description of any contact with school officials regarding the matter, including dates and estimated times of telephone calls and/or copies of any correspondence exchanged
The names and address of the school, school district, and superintendent of the district
Any additional evidence that would be helpful
What rights do parents have under FERPA?
FERPA gives certain rights to parents regarding their children’s educational records.
Rights transfer to the student
upon reaching 18 years of age or
attending any school beyond the secondary level.
When may a parent access a student’s educational records?
Law allows parental access if student is claimed as a dependent for Federal income tax purposes.
Access is granted to both the parent who claims the student as well as the parent who is not claiming the student.
Parent must produce a Federal Income Tax Return verifying the student as a dependent, and sign a Request By Parent or Guardian for Access to Student Records in the Admissions and Records Office.
Parent may have access if the student is willing to release information.
Signing a FERPA Waiver (release) form is an (Option) for the student, it is not a requirement. Eastern Oklahoma State College will only release information if the student elects this option. Information may be released if the student has filed a signed release form with the Registrar's Office. All signed release forms will be kept on file in the Registrar/Record's Management Office, and a student may revise his/her waiver at any time.